Catholic Theological Society of the Philippines

Dakateo, Catholic Theological Society of the Philippines, Filipino theology, Filipino theologians



“The Lineamenta on the Vocation and Mission of the Family

in the Church and Contemporary World”

  The Relatio Synodi  sent as the Lineamenta for the 2015 Synod, concludes with the following call for continuing analysis and discernment: “These proposed reflections…  are intended to raise questions and indicate points of view that will later be developed and clarified through reflection in the local Churches in the intervening year leading to the XIV Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops” (Relatio Synodi, n. 62)” Pope Francis adds, “From this vantage point, we have ‘one year to mature, with true spiritual discernment, the proposed ideas and to find concrete solutions to so many difficulties and innumerable challenges that families must confront’ (Pope Francis, Concluding Discourse, 18 October 2014). The local churches/academic institutions/organizations/lay movements are enjoined to participate in this process.

In response to this call, the DaKaTeo (Damdaming Katoliko sa Teolohiya - Catholic Theological Society of the Philippines) will focus its next annual conference on the 2015 Synod on the Family.  The aim is to produce commentaries on the Lineamenta which we can present especially to the bishops from the Philippines who are attending the Synod in October.

A commentary consists of a concrete proposal for the deletion, modification or addition of a word/phrase/sentence/paragraph(s) to the Lineamenta, supported by a 2500-3000 words of sociological, theological, and/or canonical justification. It should clearly indicate the paragraph no. being referred to or the section where an additional paragraph can be inserted. There are questions at the end of the Lineamenta which can help direct your reflection, or you may choose to focus on any of the following areas:


Definition of the family

Feminization of migration and the need for fathers to assume care-giving work

Patriarchy, masculinism, machismo as cause of problems in marriage/family

Global capitalism and poverty and impact on families

Challenges to marriage and family, brought about by the internet

Increase in family size and decline in quality of life

Family and demographic trends of the youth and elderly 

Stress on gender equality and mutuality in Pre-cana seminars

De facto unions in the Philippine context

Domestic violence against women and children

Facilitating annulment process

Access to sacraments of divorced and remarried

Pastoral attention toward persons with homosexual tendencies

Pastoral attention toward those who have undergone abortion


                 The commentaries can be situated within the Philippine, Southeast Asian or Asian context. Citing documents of regional/national episcopal conferences which can be used in support of the proposal is encouraged. Collaboration of a sociologist or canonist with a theologian is welcomed. The quality papers/commentaries will be published by the DaKaTeo. It is possible that some of the commentaries are based on previously published works as our main purpose is an evaluation/appreciation/critique of the Lineamenta.   

DAKATEO 12th Annual Conference, 24-26 October 2014, Donsol, Sorsogon 

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2014 DaKaTeo Members' Publications

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Theologians commemorate Vatican II in the Philippines

by Emmanuel S. de Guzman 

Last October 18 to 20, 2013, the DaKaTeo (Catholic Theological Society of the Philippines) held its annual conference on the theme, “Vatican II after Fifty Years: Philippine Experience” in Agusan del Sur, Mindanao. Twenty theologians, half of them “balding and grey-haired veterans of the aggiornamento” since the late 1960s, shared their experiences, including their joys and frustrations, of renewing the Philippine Church in the spirit of Vatican II Council. Among the many insights they drew from one another are two things. One of these is the reception of the Council in the Philippines during the first two decades which converged with the “crisis situations” the country was facing under the martial-law dictatorial regime. Massive poverty, political repression and militarization, drove the theological-pastoral agents, the bearers of Vatican II ideals at the diocesan and parish levels, closer to the struggles of the poor and marginalized sectors. The suffering communities pushed these pastoral agents to take sides with them, even to the extent of “staking out their necks” against political and ecclesiastical authorities, who suspected their efforts. The other insight is the continuing pursuit of the Vatican II ecclesiological vision at various fronts today: the basic ecclesial communities, seminary formation, theological institutes, pastoral centers, education of the young in schools, work with indigenous peoples, inter-faith relationships, popular religiosity, research and publications, and others. Tempered by time and experience (and age as well), there is the common sentiment that we need to “choose our battles” in the more complex realities of the Filipino nation. Notwithstanding the ambivalent or ambiguous stances of the hierarchical institution on social and ecclesial concerns and issues, the theologians of DaKaTeo affirmed one another of their commitment to Vatican II. In this conference also, they elected their new officers for the next two years: Dr. Emmanuel S. De Guzman as President (from the Institute of Religious Education/St. Vincent School of Theology-Adamson University, Manila); Dr. Randy Odchigue as Vice-President (from Fr. Saturnino Urios University, Butuan City, Mindanao); Dr. Reynaldo Raluto as Secretary (from St. John Vianney Seminary, Cagayan de Oro, Mindanao); and Dr. Rebecca Cacho as Treasurer (from St. Scholastica College, Manila).

title 2013 Butuan Conference



  Theology and Power: An Intercontinental Conversation

July 19, 2013, Loyola School of Theology

July 20, 2013, St. Vincent School of Theology

            The DaKaTeo (Catholic Theological Society of the Philippines) and the ESCT (European Society of Catholic Theology) collaborated on a joint symposium on “Theology and Power” on July 19-20, 2013 as part of their participation in the three-year, global research project of INSeCT (International Network of Societies in Catholic Theology) on “the nature, function and location of theology, with particular attention to the power of theology to overcome power abuse in Church and Society.”

           The papers that were presented in the conference were as follows:

Vatican II and abuses in the Church: 'A community composed of men' that is 'always in need of being purified' (Gaudium et Spes 1; Lumen Gentium 8), Stephen Bullivant (St Mary's University College,UK)

Challenging Prometheus: A Theology of Disability, Pia Matthews (St Mary's University College, UK)

In But Not of the World: Filipino Christianity and its Powers, Mario Francisco (Loyola School of Theology, Philippines)

A Kenotic Use of Power on Theology: Dangerous or Not, Machteld Reynaert (KU Leuven, Belgium)

How Can Humility Tame Power and Prevent Its Ideological Entrapment?, Dennis Gonzales (Ateneo de Manila, Philippines)

Church Power and People Power: Hegemonies and Resistances, Randy Odchigue (Father Saturnino Urios University, Philippines)

Elements in the Barrel that Produce Rotten Apples (Ramon Echica, San Carlos Major Seminary, Philippines)

El Shaddai: God Almighty (Esmeralda Sanchez, University of Sto. Tomas, Philippines)

            The joint symposium was hosted by the Loyola School of Theology and the St Vincent School of Theology, both in Metro-Manila, Philippines. The results of this project will be presented at INSeCT’s global congress in Brazil in the summer of 2014.  Selected papers will be published together with additional papers from the US, Europe and the Philippines in an anthology provisionally titled as: 'Power, Ethics, and Theology: International Perspectives', eds., Stephen Bullivant, Eric Genilo, Daniel Franklin Pilario and Agnes M. Brazal.

The additional papers are as follows:

'From the Power of Pharaoh to the power of God: The Journey of Israel from Egypt to Sinai' - Anicia Co RVM (Institute of Formation and Religious Studies, Philippines)

 Women in Filipino Basic Ecclesial Communities: ‘Body Wisdom’ as Power

 Power and Church Reform: A Jesuit Named Francis - Angela Senander (University of St Thomas, USA)

 'Things Hidden, Now Revealed': Mimetic Theory and the Child Sex Abuse Crisis - Michael Kirwan SJ and Sheelah Treflé Hidden (Heythrop College, UK)

 Ecclesial Obedience: An Ethical Assessment in the Light of Sexual Violence against Minors in the Roman Catholic Church - Kurt Remele (University of Graz, Austria)

 Excuse: The Clerical Abuse Scandal and the Reception of Revelation - Terrance W. Klein (Diocese of Dodge City, USA)








Vision-Mission Statement

Vision Statement

The Damdaming Katoloko sa Teolohiya or DAKATEO is an association of Catholic Theologians in the Philippines which promotes theologies for a just and inclusive Church and society.

Mission Statement

To achieve the vision, DAKATEO (a) supports creative and scholarly theological research and its dissemination, (b) promotes theological reflection and discussion on current issues and questions in society, and (c) fosters fellowship among its members and solidarity with the oppressed and excluded.

Dakateo is specifically oriented to theological research and practice that dialogue with varied contexts, disciplines, social movements, and faith traditions from a liberative perspective.





DAKATEO Conference 2013
October 18-20, 2013
The worldwide Church starts to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Vatican II whose
documents were formally promulgated in 1965. The celebration is ushered into official
magisterial grounds by the issuance of the apostolic letter Porta Fidei (2011) of the
previous Pope Benedict XVI. In his proclamation of the Year of Faith (2012) whose
celebration also coincides with 50th anniversary of the opening of Vatican II, he invites us to
help people understand the ‘normative texts’ of Vatican II as a ‘sure compass’ in our times
guided of course by ‘a right hermeneutic’, i.e., hermeneutics of continuity (PF, 5). In the
theological world, reflections are underway – on the reception, issues and challenges of
Vatican II in different continents.1 There is also an intensified interest in theological
literature on the topic.2
In the Philippines, PCP II was seen as the concretization of the Vatican II vision in
the local church.3 During Vatican II’s 40th anniversary, several reflections on specific
themes of the Council were delivered in different conferences.4 Starting this year, local
schools of theology are also initiating reflections and conferences on the significance of the
Council in our times. Recently, the Institute of Consecrated Life in Asia (ICLA) came out
with Where is the Spirit Leading Religious Life? 50 Years after Vatican II in its own
institutional journal Religious Life Asia (XV, 2013). More recently still, the UST Faculty of
1 See intercontinental reflections on Vatican II in EATWOT, These Five Great Decades: How Do We Look
Back and Forward. Voices: Journal of EATWOT, Vol. XXXV (2012); idem, Fifty Years since Vatican II Seen from Latin
America in Voices, Vol. XXXIV (2011); “Revisiting Vatican II: Fifty Years of Renewal,” Asian Horizons: Dharmaram
Journal of Theology (upcoming); etc.
2 There is an interesting bibliographical narrative about Vatican II literature in recent years. Cf. Massimo
Fagiolli, “Council Vatican II: Bibliographical Overview 2007-2010,”
Vatican_II_ Bibliographical_Overview_2007-2010. Another helpful bibliography is found in James Kroeger,
“Vatican II: God’s Special Gift. Compendium of Resources,” SEDOS Bulletin 2012, Vol. 44, No. 1/2 (January-
February 2012)
3 Leonardo Legaspi, “Link Between Vatican II and PCP II,” Jose Antonio Aureada and Richard Ang,
Vatican II: 40 Years After (Manila: UST Faculty of Theology, 2006), 166-178.
4 Dee, among others, Jose Antonio Aureada and Richard Ang, Vatican II: 40 Years After - Proceedings of
the Seventh Theology Week of the Faculty of Sacred Theology in Cooperation with the Institute of Religion
(Manila: UST Faculty of Theology, 2006). In this Conference, several themes are reflected upon by different
invited speakers on the relationship between Vatican II and church developments after 40 years: historicaltheological
background, biblical renewal (Dei Verbum), Mariological developments, lay empowerment, liturgical
experience (Sacrosanctum Concilium), PCP II, missions, Asian theology of harmony, inculturation, interreligious
dialogue, moral theology and ecclesiology.
Theology organized their Theology Week (April 2-7, 2013) on the theme “After 50 Years:
Vatican II’s Impact on the Philippine Local Church”.5
This year’s DAKATEO Conference intends to contribute to this ongoing reflection
on the reception of Vatican II in the Philippine Church. The contributions can be historical,
theological or pastoral.
1. In the history of Philippine participation in the Council, an accessible starting
point is an article by James Kroeger in Philippiniana Sacra (2007) 6 which
accounts for the number and names of participants from the Philippine
hierarchy, their contributions in the discussion (both spoken and written), etc.
What can be pursued is a sociological analysis of their interventions, their
theological significance, their alliances with other bishops, etc. It might also be
good to inquire on how these bishops (and the Philippine hierarchy in general)
understood and implemented the changes effected by the Council documents.
2. Another suggested area of reflection is on the influence of Vatican II texts and
spirit within biblical-systematic-moral-liturgical fields in the Philippines. For
instance, Anscar Chupungco reflected on the Philippine of experience of
liturgical renewal.7 Parallel reflections can be done in other theological
disciplines. Recent developments in liturgy, morals or dogmatics as they are
understood by the Philippine hierarchy today can also be evaluated vis-à-vis the
vision of the Vatican II documents. Another reflection can be done in the
ecumenical field – on the reception of Vatican II in other Christian
denominations, etc.
3. The third area of reflection can be in the pastoral field. How do the spirit and
documents of Vatican II influence concrete pastoral programs and other pastoral
concerns in our dioceses? How do the new situations on the ground reinforce or
put into question the spirit and letter of Vatican II? We can also reflect on
emerging issues and situations not yet contemplated in Vatican II – and how they
impact into the reception and critical appropriation of the documents.
Prepared by
Daniel Franklin Pilario
5 The reflections on this Conference are on the following pastoral fields: the impact of Vatican II on
clergy, seminary formation, social communications and mass media, on biblical apostolate, ecumenism, youth,
the laity, family and life, women, missions, catechesis and liturgy. The invited speakers are mostly bishops/clerics
who are assigned in these different commissions in the CBCP.
6 J. Kroeger, “Philippine Participation in the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council,” Philippiniana Sacra Vol.
XLII, No. 124 (2007): 173-182.
7 Anscar Chupungco, “The Liturgical Reform of Vatican II: A Philippine Experience,” in Asian Perspectives
in the